Tsiigehtchic steppe bison scapula
The small hole in this scapula (shoulder bone) is likely a puncture wound from the horn of an adversary. Male steppe bison probably established their social positions through one-on-one physical altercations, similar to bison today. In fact, the long, sharp horns of the steppe bison likely evolved to reach through their opponents defenses and puncture their necks or shoulders. 13,650 years old.